نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد رشته ی تاریخ، گرایش مطالعات خلیج فارس دانشگاه تهران
2 دانش آموخته ی سطح سه از جامعة الزهراء (حوزه علمیه خواهران قم)
3 استادیار گروه فلسفه و کلام اسلامی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Sayyid Qutb was one of the contemporary prominent thinkers and scholars of the world of Islam and one of the outstanding supporters of a school of thought known as ‘the return to pristine Islam’. Developed based on a descriptive-analytical methodology, this paper reviews Sayyid Qutb’s most important civilizational views and quality of his attitude toward Western modernity to find appropriate answer to the principal question of “What are the major pillars of Sayyid Qutb’s civilizational discussions?”. According to the findings of this study, Sayyid Qutb’s keywords in illustrating civilization are interpretable in a chain system, so that “woman” as a vital factor for human growth, can enjoy her rights within a right social ground. In that environment, she can be a decisive element for realization of social calm and a notion of “social justice” as emphasized by Islam. However, stubborn resistance of the lords of power and wealth in the world against establishment of justice has rendered impossible the avoidance from a legitimate war for supporters of Divine sovereignty and has made inevitable an all-out confrontation of Muslims with governments that represent modern ignorance. Sayyid Qutb argues that the United States, i.e. symbol of Western modernity, is an example of extremist and destructive rules. Adopting a resistive approach against Western modernity, Sayyid Qutb emphasized demarcation between Muslims and Western values and fighting hegemonic and unethical US civilization. He has religiously decreed any Muslim to fight all secular governments for establishing legitimate Islamic governance.