نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار جامعه المصطفی العالمیه قم
عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper attempts to analyze the theory of two natures (makhmurah nature and mahbuba nature) and decode its political implications from the perspective of Imam Khomeini (RA). It is claimed that in Imam Khomeini's view, human is the servant of his soul and also his nature (مستخدم بالطبع و مستهدء بالفطره) which inevitably requires the two-realm political thought. In other words, interpreting human based on the theory of two realms (tow natures) affects Imam Khomeini's theory of government, function of political system and Islamic desirable civil society fundamentally which will be studied in this article. In this study we assume that anthropological principles heavily affect dos and don'ts of political science. Thus, the main question here is that what the anthropological basics of Imam Khomeini's political idea are? What effects his interpretation of human has had on his idea of tow-real political affairs? Through the content analysis method, this paper tries to review Imam Khomeini's anthropological standpoints and represent its logical implications in the political and social discussions.
Along with the main question, the following sub-questions are also proposed which we will try to answer. Whether man is free or under compulsion of social, historical and economic structures? Whether human is a servant of his soul or he is guided by his nature? Whether man is congenitally civilized or wants to be guided by the perfect man (following his nature)? Or whether human nature is guided by fate and circumstances and that no thematic rule was put in his nature and everything his character is formed through after-birth nurturing within the society and politics? Undoubtedly, answering the questions mentioned above and other anthropological political questions will fundamentally and theoretically explain the direction of Imam Khomeini's political thought over his social and political life.