عنوان مقاله [English]
This research explores the historical course of the concept of public interest in the Islamic Republic era. Considering the idea of public interest, this article tries to explain the concept of public interest from the perspective of Ayatollah Khomeini's political thought which includes his speech about the acceptance of the resolution and an excerpt from his political will. The concept of public interest from Ayatollah Khomeini's point of view and its relationship with national interests, legal guardianship, and maintaining the totality of the system have been examined. With the Islamic revolution, many concepts underwent a semantic transformation and were placed in a new format. The method of this article is one of the qualitative methods of meaning analysis, especially Fairclough's critical discourse analysis method. The findings of this paper show that, first, public interest still takes priority over individual interest. Secondly, due to its social background, this concept acquired Shiite themes after the revolution. The final result of this article is that when Sharia rulings and public interest are in conflict, public interest prevails over Sharia rulings. Issuing governmental decrees is exclusively the responsibility of the legal guardian, and this concept is derived from the theory of welayat al-faqih, which is rooted in the Shia tradition. Ayatollah Khomeini's concept of public interest, which is closely linked to national concerns, legal guardianship and the cohesion of the overarching system, reveals a nuanced political philosophy. However, in Ayatollah Khomeini's thought, the jurist is the successor of the infallible imams and has the rights of imams, and one of these powers is the government decree that the leadership uses in times of need for the public interest of the society. The dynamic interaction between Islamic principles and the imperatives of public welfare, as articulated by ayatollah Khomeini, serves as a distinctive feature in the evolving landscape of the Islamic Republic.