نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری اندیشه سیاسی در اسلام، پژوهشکده امام خمینی و انقلاب اسلامی
2 استادیار گروه اندیشه سیاسی در اسلام پژوهشکده امام خمینی و انقلاب اسلامی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The issue of democratization and consolidation of democracy has been the main concern of humanity. Democracy is the most effective system for achieving balance, and order involves the least evil. The rate of failures and defects are not the same in all countries; some have fulfilled all the conditions of democracy to a great extent, some have fulfilled some of the conditions of democracy and some that even have the minimum conditions of democracy. Systems with the first feature are usually democratized, second ones are hybrid, and third ones are undemocratic. Each of these governance methods has a direct or indirect relationship with the process of democratization and the consolidation of democracy. In principle, the main problem and question in this research is to explain the relationship between "governance method" and "the process of democratization and consolidation of democracy".
Among the various models of democracy, "maximum democracy" seems to have the most positive impact on the "process of democratization and consolidation" and is closer to the ideal model of democratic order; The next level belongs to minimal and hybrid democracies.