نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شیراز
2 دانشجوی دکتری علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شیراز
عنوان مقاله [English]
what is the question of the position of the opposition in the system of caliphate, and what rights do they have?The findings of this paper show that in the system of caliphate,the ideological,political,and political-ideological opposition can be identified.The most important opponents of the ideology are the disbelievers and the apostates.Dafi disciples have civil, social and political rights, although they are not equal in civil, social, and political terms with the Muslim majority, the apostates are deprived of all civil, social and political rights.The most important political-ideological opponents are the Gardens.Provided that they do not stand up for the caliphate system, they have basic social and civil rights, provided they are at the same level as the caliphate,on par with the ideological dissent. political dissenters lack political rights. The most important political opponents are Mohareb.The hostages are deprived of all civil, social and political rights because they are a fundamental threat to the political system and engage in violent acts of armed resistance, and they have no place in the system of caliphate.