عنوان مقاله [English]
A study of the record of colonial powers in the Islamic countries, particularly during the past two centuries, would quite acknowledge that the colonial powers have always capitalized on the grounds and capacities inside the world of Islam to weaken Islam and neutralized it potential capabilities. Their focus has been on creation of rift and intellectual division among religious schools of thought and currents within the world of Islam by recruiting opportunist figures or weak or religiously deviant persons to promote extremist and violent ideas. It has been one of the ploys of the arrogant front for spoiling the opportunities and engaging world of Islam in domestic wars, wasting their talents in contemporary world. Unfortunately, today, we witness the fruition of the polities of the enemies of Islam in their attempts to form extremist and violent groups such as Al-Qaeda and Daesh, in whose flames the world of Islam is burning and whose damages would harm the world of Islam and the Muslims for decades to come. The West, particularly the United States, after warnings given by theoreticians such as Francis Fukuyama and Samuel Huntington and the politicians who had the experience of the fall of Marxism and the Cold War, defined Islam and Islamic Fundamentalism as their main rival in the post-Communism, post-Cold War era. They were well aware of the grounds for Islamic awakening and revival of the latent power of Islam and hence spared no efforts to contain this dormant capacity in the world of Islam. Islamic Fundamentalism, as defined by the West both in Shiism and Sunnism according to Orientalists was defined as the “other” of the West. They argued, if this other is not managed, it will be the focal point of future wars for the protection of interests of the West. The hypothesis of the present paper is that the West, particularly the United States, tried to repel what they considered as the threat of the Islamic currents by helping the formation of Al-Qaeda ad Daesh and other extremist Islamic currents in the Islamic World to change the direction of Islamic movements from struggle against the West and Zionism to domestic wars within the world of Islam and also to spread extremism to boost intellectual divergence within the world of slam by fanning the flames of interreligious conflicts in order to transform the Islamic revivalist movement and return to Islam to its own anti-thesis.