نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 عضو هیئت علمی اندیشه سیاسی در اسلام پژوهشکده امام خمینی و انقلاب اسلامی
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد تاریخ انقلاب اسلامی پژوهشکده امام خمینی (ره) و انقلاب اسلامی
3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد اندیشه سیاسی در اسلام پژوهشکده امام خمینی (ره) و انقلاب اسلامی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The concentrated governmental reform programs during the discourse of Pahlavi II (1960s) took place upon a shift of social-economic power and political contour to the newly-emerged class with an ideology conforming to its semantic-propagandistic system as well as monitoring the groups of critics with opposite ideology. This paper, through employing Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis, is an attempt to explain the dichotomy of the oppressor-oppressed in Imam Khomeini’s intellectual system and his ideal form of government. Explaining the established government’s words based on religious traditions, Imam Khomeini tried to show how political behaviors of the hegemonic discourse in the society were against the prevailing religious culture. He thus paved the way for a revolutionary movement. He interpreted the genres of the oppressed (majority of the people) and the oppressors (the ruling class) as the two prevailing signs in the context of Iranian society, bipolarized the society based on religious texts and explained the assimilation of the ruling class to the symbols of evil in political and religious system, and embarked on rejecting the ruling rival class. Imam Khomeini then introduced, interpreted and materialized a model of Islamic rule and the leadership of political jurisprudent as a desirable alternative to the existing system.