عنوان مقاله [English]
a new paradigm in the foreign policy arena, namely the moderation discourse. The research question addresses what moderation means? And, what are the limitations of the discourse in improving relations with Persian Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and eventually establishing regional peace and demolishing the violence?
This research, through utilizing the primary and secondary sources, argues that the moderation discourse is combination of idealism and realism, which balance and equilibrium form its nodal point. In addition, the research, through combination of theories of “constructivism” and “regional security complex” states that with regards to the new geopolitic of the Middle East, political elites of Iran and GCC view each other as “others” and therefore they enjoy different perceptions regarding regional security. This has led to security problem, and so each of the states are pursuing contradictory approaches for establishing regional peace and stability. The following outcome, with regards to interdependence of the regional security, is increasing of tensions, competitions, hostility, and eventually boosting violence and disintegration between these states.