نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 عضو هیأت علمی گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشآموخته رشته علوم سیاسی، گرایش اندیشه سیاسی در اسلام، پژوهشکده امام خمینی(س) و انقلاب اسلامی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Popularization, democracy, and democratic political regime have always been associated with certain demands and requirements, as the reality of a political affair in contemporary world suggests. These requirements, although parts of which are not included in the innate structure of popularization and democratization of politics and political regimes, are important in establishment and sustainability of the political situation. Organization of the political activities is among such requirements manifested in diversified forms in political practice. Political organizations are also diversified depending upon the culture and nature of political regime and ideology. In Iran, the Islamic Revolution, a popular revolution led by Imam Khomeini, put an end to the dictator regime of Shah. Establishment of the Islamic Republic system of government, that was based on and inspired by Islam’s religious codes and instructions and in line with realization of public demands in Iranian society, marked a new age in politics that constituted its structure on public vote. As there were many diversified opinions in the early years after the victory of Islamic revolution on the nature and structure of the Islamic rule, opinions on the nature, function and structure of political organizations were also different. Imam Khomeini’s precise opinion on Islamic rule, who said “Islamic Republic, nothing more, nothing less”, and people’s majority “Yes” vote to the Islamic Republic system of government in massive turnout in March 1979 public referendum put an end to all debates on the nature and structure of the political system. But questions are still unanswered on the nature and structure of political organizations. This paper intends to shed light on the unknown and hidden aspects of this discussion through clarifying Imam Khomeini’s viewpoints. The research method in this paper is exploratory and analytical resting upon discourse analysis approaches.