عنوان مقاله [English]
Given the importance of justice in Islam, this research paper dwells on the question of “what the concept of justice in political thought of Islam is, and what its characteristics are”. Our subordinate question is: What strategies can help realization of political justice?
Since justice is closely associated with rights in terms of concept, this paper intends to embark on index construction for political justice based on the concept of rights by applying interpretive-analytical method. Based on the findings of this paper, if we consider people and government as beneficiaries of political activities, then we should say that mutual granting of political rights between people and government will pave the ground for realization of political justice. Strategies for realization of this justice, on one hand, need identifying divine-innate rights of individuals and government and on the other hand, enforcement of the individual and social rights agreed upon among the people themselves or between the people and the government. In this connection, considering constant abidance by Islamic law, using collective wisdom, and expert-level findings in various related fields can be among other strategies for realization of political justice.