عنوان مقاله [English]
Iranian contemporary history has been the scene of constant conflicts between tradition and modernity since the beginning of the 19th century. In this epoch of the Iranian history, tradition manifested itself in the three institutions of bazaar, the clergy and the absolute monarchy. In the context of confrontation between tradition and modernity, intellectualism as a modernity-inspired institution, rose to challenge the three institutions backed by tradition. In the meantime, however, intellectualism’s interaction and confrontation with the clergy led to a different path finally, giving birth to religious intellectualism and exerting immense influence on the two other institutions, i.e. bazaar and monarchy. The dichotomous interactive-confrontational relationship between the intellectuals and the clergy is, to a great deal, reflected in the works and thoughts of Dr. Ali Shariati as one of the veteran scholars of religious intellectualism in contemporary Iran. Given the above, in this paper, we intend to review various aspects of Shariati’s approach toward the clergy through the lens of Islamic Protestantism and a descriptive-analytical methodology to open a window for rethinking the relationship between intellectualism and the clergy in contemporary Iran. Findings of the paper indicate that Ali Shariati’s key approach is based on religious reform, making his confrontation with the traditional institution of the clergy strategic and his interaction with the clergy tactical.